Birds are beautiful and fascinating creatures of the earth. They play a diverse role in the ecosystems and in the environments. Among all the birds Eagles are the most majestic birds on earth. They are one of the largest and strongest birds in the sky.
This article is going to provide readers with an exciting journey about 25 Eagle facts that will include their characteristics, eyesight, speed, hunting powers, nesting habits, and so on. This article will explore Eagles lifespan journey of being a magnificent bird of earth.
The World of Eagles
Eagles are magnificent prey birds that belong to the family of Accipitridae. They are recognized for their powerful nest, beaks and sharp claws. Eagles also hold significant symbolism as power, strength and freedom in many cultures.
Mostly these eagle birds are found in rivers, lakes and other bodies of water depending on their food sources. Some eagles also live in mountains, forests and coastal areas. Different species have different adaptability to this diverse nature and ecosystems.
25 Fun and Unique Facts about Eagle:
1. Species diversity
Eagles have several varieties of species among them. They belong to the family of Accipitridae. They also belong to several groups which are called genera. They have over 60 species all around. 68 species of Eagles can be found in Eurasia and Africa. North America has 14, central and South America has 9 and Australia has 3 remaining species. Some top eagle species are Bald Eagle, Golden Eagle, black kite, White-tailed Eagle, Black Eagle, Red-tailed Eagle, Philippine Eagle, etc.
2. Diversity of size
Eagles are one of the largest prey birds. The biggest size eagle is the Bald Eagle. Their size could be 28 to 40 inches in length.
Their weight can be 12 pounds. Normally the adult male eagle can be 90 cm or 36 inches long. Female eagles are larger than male eagles. They can be 108 cm or 40 to 43 inches long in length.
3. Unique colour
Bald eagles have dark brown colours on their body and wings with white heads. Their tails are bright yellow. Immature birds can have dark heads and tails also. Some eagles also have grey, golden, dark brown etc colour.
4. Great Hunter
Eagles are the best hunters bird around the world. They can easily catch their prey with their strong Beaks, and sharp claws. They choose their prey very precisely. Mostly they eat fish, small mammals, birds, snakes, reptiles etc.
5. Strong Eyesight
They have incredible eyesight. With their great eyesight, they can easily see their prey even at a long distance. Their eyesight is especially given by their binocular vision. This vision helps them to identify their prey from very high in the sky. They can even see their prey from two miles away.
6. Unique Feathers
Eagles can have features of around 7000 feathers. Their feathers are lightweight and flexible. Their unique features also help them to fly faster and for longer periods in the sky.
7. Strong Flyers
Eagles are also strong and powerful flyers. They can have great speed also. They can easily fly at high speed and great heights. They also have strong muscles and a large wingspan which helps them to glide smoothly without using much body energy.
8. Nesting Habits
Eagles often choose their nesting locations at the top of the hills or trees. They often come back to their nests year after year. They build a strong attachment with their nests where they lay their eggs and grow their child. They make their nests bigger, larger and more secure according to their comfort and ease.
9. Strong Beaks
Eagles have one of the strongest and most powerful beaks among birds. Their beaks can be 7 to 10 centimetres in length. Their beaks are slightly curved. This beak helps them to hunt and carry their prey or food such as fish, birds etc.
10. Courtship Display
Eagles perform particular courtship displays to attract their mating partners. They lock their talons with each other and fly in the sky. Sometimes they perform some cartwheels which is called “cartwheels display”. This helps them to build a strong bond with their partners.
11. Extraordinary Speed
Eagles are known for their extraordinary speed while flying. Among all the eagles golden eagles are the fastest one. They can fly around 322 kilometres per hour at 200 mph.
Bald eagles can fly around 160 kilometres per hour at 120 mph. The Red-tailed Eagle can fly around 190 kilometres per hour. The average speed of an eagle is 30 to 60 kilometres per hour.
12. Vocal Communication
Eagles communicate through vocal cord sounds. While making these sounds they assure their territory defences are safe from the outer danger of the world. They also make sounds while they are mating or pairing.
They mainly assure their community or partners to stay connected with this exchange’s vocal transition. They also communicate with their younger children while feeding them.
They also use their vocal transition during their breeding seasons for attracting their mates. This helps them to elaborate their intentions in their community.
13. Parental Habit
Eagles’ nests are their most secure place to live. Here both male and female eagles portray themselves as responsible parent for raising their child.
They both actively engage in their parental duties. Male eagles and female eagles partner together and shared their duties for feedback and taking care of their children.
They are very protective over their homes or nests. They make sure that no intruders harm their territory. While raising their child they try to develop individual skills for hunting, flying etc. So that they can easily live and adapt to the environment.
14. Food Habit
Eagles eat mostly fish, crabs, birds, frogs, reptiles, lizards and mammals etc. They grab their prey with their beaks or claws. They also consume fresh water while they take baths.
15. Powerful Grip
Eagles grip is one of the strongest grips among all birds. Their talon structures are sharp and strong. They have really good strength over their feet and toes.
That’s why they can have the strongest grip on their prey. They can grip with their talons over 300 psi. Golden Eagle also can grip around 500 psi. Golden Eagles are famous for their strongest grip. They can easily catch their prey or other objects while flying.
16. Mating Partners for Life
Eagles are very loyal to their mating partners. During the breeding season, they perform “courtship dance” to attract their partners.
After mating they create a bond where they remain together for several years. They also do their parental duties together.
17. Longest Wingspan
Male eagles wingspan is 2 metres long. Comparatively female eagles are larger than male ones. Their wingspan can be 2.5 metres long. This wingspan helps them to distance and stable flying in the sky while using less body energy.
18. Head rotation ability
Eagles have this unique ability to rotate their heads. They can rotate their head up to 270 degrees which means also three-quarters of a full circle.
Because they have flexible neck muscles. With this unique ability, they can easily visualise their surroundings and near environments. It helps them to monitor or focus on their prey even better.
19. Long lifespan
Eagles have the longest lifespan on the earth. Most eagles’ average lifespan is from 20 to 30 years on the earth. But some species can live longer than that.
Some eagles can live up to 50 years in captivity. But environmental factors such as pollution, deforestation, habitat loss and illegal hunting become the reason for the lifespan of these eagles.
20. Powerful talons
Eagles have the strongest and sharpest talons which can help them to grab and hold on to their prey or food properly. They also use their talons to protect themselves from being attacked. With these talons, they can easily snatch food from the ground.
21. Unique style of killing prey
Eagles have a very unique style of killing their prey. They can totally crush their prey’s heads with their beaks or talons. They can tear them apart.
Sometimes they take the prey high in the sky and then kill them with their beaks or talons. Eagles adapt their hunting style based on their selection of prey.
22. High-speed dives
Eagles are high-speed divers. They can easily dive or swoop down fast to catch their prey. Sometimes they use surprise attacks to capture their prey.
23. Migratory behaviour
Eagles do seasonal movements from one place to another. They often cover long distances to find suitable habitats for them. Many eagles travel to the south in order to search for food in winter. It helps them to adapt to the changing environment through nature
24. Symbolism fact
Eagles have magnificent symbolism in some cultures. In some cultural perspectives, eagles are the symbol of power, strength, freedom and independence.
Even the Bald Eagle is the national bird of the United States since 1782. Even in Austria eagles are also considered their national bird which represents power and strength and freedom for those countries. Even from the religious perspective, they consider a divine power which is spiritually connected to God.
In conclusion, Eagles are the most magnificent bird on earth for their unique adaptability such as diversity of species, different sizes, extraordinary eyesight, nesting and feeding habits, strongest beaks and talons, and so on.
Eagles have so much of adaptability that they can easily deal with nature and the environment. They also have significant symbolism in some cultures where they represent power, strength and wisdom. All these qualities of eagles make them unique, magnificent and wonderful creatures of nature to admire.